We sing of "The Old Rugged Cross" and see the cross in many Christian church buildings, but is the cross, as we symbolize it today, what was used by the Romans at that time?
The Greek word translated "cross" is "stauros" which means "an upright stake". Being that wood was not plentiful in that area, a stake is the most economical.
Since wood does not survive time well we are limited to images of that time for a more accurate rendition of this method of execution.
It would seem, from those images and archaeological findings that the Greek capital letter 'tau' which is a 'T' (stauros) more accurately depicts the shape used.
The image on the left comes to us from Puteoli, Italy. This is logical from the perspective that making a 't' is much more complex to fabricate than the 'T' would be.
Another point is the way the feet were nailed. The image to the right shows the feet attached to the sides of the "stake."
Archaeological evidence of an ankle bone with a nail through it suggests too, that the the feet were nail on either side of the stake.
This is not meant to taking anything from the symbol of the cross and especially its world changing affect, it is simply information for those who find satisfaction in accuracy and how this might affect our understanding and interpretation of other potions of scriptures.
©2018, Dr Steven Bydeley, a man.
All publishing rights reserved. Permission is herewith granted to reprint this article for personal use and to link or refer to it; however, no commercial re-publishing of the material in this article is permitted without prior written consent.
Steven is the author of Fathered by God and with his wife Dianne, co-author of Dream Dreams and Dreams the Heal and Counsel. He has been a guest on the Miracle Channel, Trinity Television, and Crossroads Communication, and have taught internationally on various topics.
Without Prejudice. © 2023, Steven., house of bij de Leij., of man.